Israeli territory currently extends to areas within the 1949 demarcation lines based on armistice agreements with Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War (Green Line). 1 Israel also extends its jurisdiction to East Jerusalem and to the Golan Heights, both captured in the 1967 Six-Day War. 2 Israel has not extended its law and administration to the West Bank (Judea and Samaria) or the Gaza Strip, territories it similarly occupied in the 1967 war.
On August 15, 2005, Israel unilaterally withdrew from the Gaza Strip. 3 The withdrawal has been the subject of increasing controversy in Israeli society.
The Knesset (Israel’s parliament) has considered on a number of occasions the Israeli government’s authority to enter into or implement agreements or unilateral plans for ceding jurisdiction over specific or nonspecific territories to which Israeli jurisdiction applies. A review of relevant legislative developments reflects an interest on the part of the Knesset in subjecting governmental authorities in this area to increased procedural requirements for approval, including a special parliamentary majority vote and public approval by referendum.