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Virtual Civil Trials

Virtual Civil Trials Author: Library Of Congress

Date Published: 3:49:12 PM Thursday, 9-July-2020

The report describes foreign court systems that have adopted a range of options and procedural conditions for virtual hearings and/or trials in noncriminal cases in each jurisdiction surveyed. In Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Puerto Rico, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom, the virtual taking of evidence, hearings, and/or trials may be mandated by the judge or by the application of a party to the proceedings. Additionally, in China, France, New Zealand, and Turkey, the option of virtual taking of evidence, hearings, and/or trials in civil cases generally requires the consent of all parties.